The Achaean League and Collective Identity

Achaean_League_Hemi_Tetrobol_BCD_27.1.xcf
Achaean League triobol, 175-168 BC, McClean 6431-6432. Obverse depicts the god of the League Zeus Homarius, Reverse depicts AX monogram, meaning of the Achaeans.

“The Achaean League seems to have been, on the whole, a rather admirable institution. Its early history and development is, however, somewhat more complicated than I realised…”
– Walbank (2002) 140.

This page will layout the work I conducted in 2018-2019 for my undergraduate dissertation, which was entitled “The Achaean League and Collective-Identity.” I have decided to expand my research into this topic over the summer in preparation for my Master’s Degreee.

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Blog Posts

What was the Achaean League and why should we study it?

The Early Achaean League 900 – 371 BC
(Originally Chapter 1 of my dissertation)

Federalism in the Hellenistic Period
(Based on extracts from Chapter 2)

What is Collective Identity?

Achaean Coins

Achaea and Rome: 192 B.C. – 146 B.C.
(Originally Chapter 3)

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Bibliography

I’ve included my dissertation bibliography below.

Primary Sources

Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, Volume X, trans. Geer, R.M. (Loeb: Cambridge MA 1954)

Homer, The Iliad, trans. Lattimore, R. (The University of Chicago Press: Chicago 2011 Edition).

Livy, The History of Rome, Volume IX, trans. Yardley, J.C. (Loeb: Cambridge MA 2017)

Livy, Rome and the Mediterranean, trans. Bettenson, H. (Penguin: Harmondworth 1976)

Plutarch, Lives, Volume X, trans. Perrin, B. (Loeb: Cambridge MA 1921).

Plutarch, Lives, Volume XI, trans. Perrin, B. (Loeb: Cambridge MA 1926).

Polybius, The Histories, Volume V, trans. Paton, W.R. revised by Walbank, F. and Habricht, C. (Loeb: Cambridge 2012)

Polybius, The Histories, Volume VI, trans. Paton, W.R. revised by Walbank, F. and Habricht, C. (Loeb: Cambridge 2012)

Polybius, The Histories, trans. Waterfield, R. (Oxford University Press: Oxford 2010).

Pausanias, Description of Greece, trans. Jones, W.H.S. (Loeb: Cambridge MA 1918).

Xenophon, Hellenica, trans. Brownson, C.L. (Loeb: Cambridge MA 1918 and 1920).

Secondary Sources

Assmann, J. (2011, first published in German in 1992) Cultural Memory and Early Civilisation: Writing, Remembrance, and Political Imagination. (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge).

Austin, M.M. (2006) The Hellenistic world from Alexander to the Roman conquest: a selection of ancient sources in translation (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge).

Badian, E. (1952). The Treaty between Rome and the Achaean League. The Journal of Roman Studies, 42, 76-80.

Cartledge, P. and Spawforth, A. (1989) Hellenistic and Roman Sparta: A Tale of Two Cities. (Routledge: London)

Derow, P.S. (1989, 2nd ed.) ‘Rome, the fall of Macedon and the sack of Corinth’ in, The Cambridge Ancient History: Volume 8, Rome and the Mediterranean, 218-133 B.C. eds. Astin, Walbank, Fredersiksen and Ogilvie (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge). 290-323.

Dimakis, N. (2016) Social Identity and Status in the Classical and Hellenistic Northern Peloponnese (Archaeopress: Oxford).

Erskine, A. (2002) ‘O brother where art thou? Tales of kinship and diplomacy’, in The Hellenistic World: New Perspectives, ed. D. Ogden. (Classical Press of Wales: Swansea) 97-117.

Fuks, A. (1970). The Bellum Achaicum and Its Social Aspect. The Journal of Hellenic Studies, 90, 78-89.

Grainger, J.D. (2013) Rome, Parthia and India: The Violent Emergence of a New World Order 150-140 BC (Pen and Sword Books Ltd: Barnsley).

Grainger, J.D. (2017) Great Power Diplomacy in the Hellenistic World (Routledge: Abington).

Gruen, E. (1984) The Hellenistic World and the Coming of Rome: Volume 2 (University of California Press: Berkley)

Hall, J. M. (1997). Ethnic identity in Greek antiquity. (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge).

Hall, J.M. (2015) ‘Federalism and ethnicity’. In H. Beck & P. Funke (Eds.), Federalism in Greek Antiquity. (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge). 30-48.

Hansen, M.H. (2006) Polis: An introduction to the Ancient Greek City State. (Oxford University Press: Oxford).

Larsen, J.A.O. (1967) Greek Federal States: Their Institutions and History. (Claredon Press: Clarendon Press).

Meskell, L. (1999) Archaeologies of social life. (Blackwell Publishing Ltd: Oxford).

Morgan, C. and Hall, J. M. (1996) ‘The Achaian Poleis and Achaian Colonisation’ in Introduction to an Inventory of ‘Poleis’: Symposium August, 23-26 1995, Volume 74, eds M.H. Hansen. (The Royal Danish Society of Sciences and Letters: Copenhagen).

Morgan, C. and Hall, J.M. (2004) ‘Achaia’ in An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis, eds. Hansen, M.H and Nielsen, T.H. (Oxford University Press: Oxford) 489-504.

O’Neal, W. (1994). The Messenian Affair, Philopoemen, and Roman Policy. International Social Science Review, 69(1/2), 31-35

Rizakis, A. (2015) ‘The Achaian League’ in Federalism in Greek Antiquity, eds H. Beck and P. Funke. (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge).

Runciman, W. G. (1982). ‘Origins of States: The Case of Archaic Greece’. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 24(3), 351-377.

Runciman, W.G. (1990) ‘Doomed to Extinction: the polis as an evolutionary dead-end’, in The Greek City from Homer to Alexander, ed. O. Murray and S. Price. (Clarendon Press: Oxford). 347-367.

Scott, M. (2010) Delphi and Olympia: The spatial politics of panhellenism in the archaic and classical periods. (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge).

Snodgrass, A.M. (1971) The Dark Age of Greece: An Archaeological Survey of the Eleventh to the Eighth Centuries BC. (Edinburgh University Press: Edinburgh).

Shipley, G. (2018) The Early Hellenistic Peloponnese: Politics, Economics, and Networks 338-197 BC (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge).

Tarn, W. and Griffith, G.T. (1954, 3rd Edition) Hellenistic Civilisation (University Paperbacks: London).

Thonemann, P. (2015)

Walbank, F. (1979) A historical commentary on Polybius, Volume 3. (Claredon Press: Oxford)

Walbank, F. (2002) ‘Hellenes and Achaeans: ‘Greek nationality’ revisited’ in Polybius, Rome and The Hellenistic World, eds. F. Walbank. (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge).

Internet Sources

Chaniotis, A., Pleket, H.W., Stroud, R.S. and Strubbe, J.H.M., “SEG 47-344. Epidauros (Asklepieion). Casualty list of the campaign at the Isthmos of Corinth, 146 B.C.”, in:Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum, Current editors: A. T. N. R.A. Chaniotis Corsten Papazarkadas Tybout. Consulted online on 13 March 2019 http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1874-6772_seg_a47_344

Woodhead, A.G., “SEG 14-375. Aigion. Fragmentum foederis (?), ex. s. IVa.”, in: Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum, Current editors: A. T. N. R.A. Chaniotis Corsten Papazarkadas Tybout. Consulted online on 13 December 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1874-6772_seg_a14_375

Images

Figure 1: Achaean League Triobol by Ancientcoincollector (accessed 08/02/2019) (wikimedia commons, CC BY-SA 4.0)

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