2020: A Year in Review

What a year. To say that 2020 was a challenging year is a bit of an understatement. The COVID-19 pandemic has affected everyone in different ways, and the difficulties it has created and exacerbated have been felt by many, including myself. The anxieties it created has meant my output last year fell considerably, since my … Continue reading 2020: A Year in Review


Logistics during Caesar’s Campaigns in Gaul

“It is by proper maintenance [of supplies] that armies are kept together” – Julius Caesar, as reported in Dio Cassius 43.49.5. Introduction Caesar’s campaigns in Gaul (58 – 51 BC) were a series of conflicts against a variety of peoples in a variety of terrains. Due to the diverse geographic conditions and the large size … Continue reading Logistics during Caesar’s Campaigns in Gaul

A Year in Review: 2019

2019 has been the first full year that Musings of Clio has been running, and it has given me lots of lessons about how increase my audience and improve my writing. I branched into writing study guides. As well as this, I have started to write about a broader range of topics, including Thrace, Egypt … Continue reading A Year in Review: 2019

Achaea and Rome: 192 B.C. – 146 B.C.

“Rome was simply too powerful. Yet Achaia could not accept the discrepancy in power without abandoning all pretence of independence.”[1] This post is based on part of my undergraduate dissertation. It deals with the relationship between the Achaean League and Rome, and how due to the changing nature of Roman foreign policy and the increasingly … Continue reading Achaea and Rome: 192 B.C. – 146 B.C.

The Prima Porta Augustus and policy

The Prima Porta Augustus is often seen as the cover model (literally: Zanker (1980, 2001 print); Southern (2014, 2nd edition); Goldsworthy (2014)) of Augustus’ reign and all that it represents. The highly decorated statue was found 12km north of Rome in the Villa of Livia, Augustus’ wife. Current thought suggests that it was a marble … Continue reading The Prima Porta Augustus and policy

The urban development of Rome in the Republic 400-100 BC

“Some would poke fun at their manners and customs, others at their achievements, others at the appearance of the city itself, which was not yet made beautiful in either its public or its private sections” – Livy, 40.5.7. This was the opinion of a Macedonian nobleman around 182 BC, and shows how some of the … Continue reading The urban development of Rome in the Republic 400-100 BC